- 1. Introduction
- 1.1 Business Register essentially
means the list of all establishments pursuing various economic activities
relating to production and or distribution of goods and or services at a
place. Such a list when complete will provide an ideal frame for conducting
sample surveys and undertaking studies of various economic activities for
finding their pattern and trend in the country.
- 1.2 At present an up-to-date
frame of enterprises at the national level is available only in respect
of the units/factories covered under the Annual survey of Industries
(ASI). The ASI presently covers the relatively bigger units belonging to
manufacturing and repair sub-sectors that are registered under sections
2m(i) and 2m(ii) of the Factories Act 1948 or under the Bidi & Cigar
Workers (Condition of Employment) Act. For the other sectors, no such
updated and satisfactory frame of bigger units/enterprises exists at
present. For planning any survey of such units, like the Survey of
Non-Manufacturing Industries (SNMI), it would be desirable to develop a
frame of establishments along with certain basic items of information for
all sub-sectors such as trade, hotels and restaurants, transport,
storage, communication, real estate, legal & business services etc.
popularly known as Business Register.
- 1.3 The Business Register so
developed would reduce burden on respondents and in turn induce
respondents to provide proper information on items not yet collected
under various registers, reduce survey cost, and also provide useful
information for statistical administration at the lowest level of
administration, which is needed for inclusive development of the country.
- 2. Definitions of Business and Business
Business may be defined as
an enterprising entity of a person, partnership or corporation/ organisation
etc., engaged in commerce, manufacturing, or service whereas, Business Register
(BR) is a list of establishments and enterprises. It serves as a statistical
tool for the preparation and coordination of surveys. It is an important source
of information for the statistical analysis of the business population and its
In theory, Business
Register records all enterprise groups, enterprises and local units that are
active in the national economy. Thus it is the basic foundation for System of
National Accounts (SNA) Geographically it covers all the State and Union
territories of the country within the domain of Economic Census. It follows by
and large the concepts and definitions of Economic Census.